10 things not to miss in Rome
Rome is one of the most beautiful cities in the world and one of the richest European capitals. There are so many attraction and monuments to discover that it’s almost impossible to visit all in a few days. City with a glorious story, Rome is like an open air museum where every corner, church and square hides secrets and stories to be discovered and lived.
Here are 10 things you can’t miss if you want to say you’ve visited the Eternal City.
Symbol of the city with its 2000 years of history, the Coliseum is the most famous attraction of the ancient Rome. It’s one of the Seven Wonders of the world and part of the World Heritage List, the Coliseum was built in 1 century BC commissioned by Emperors of the Flavia Dynasty and it could held about 5000 visitors. In some period of the year, it is possible to enter its inner part.
Not so far from the Coliseum, are located the Imperials Forum, one of the most fascinating archeological area of Rome. Visiting the Forum, you get an idea of how life was in the past. They include many monumental square erected between 46 AC and 113 BC. There are 5 monumental complex in the Forum: Cesar’s Forum, Augustus Forum, the Peace Forum , Nerva’s Forum and Trajan’s Forum, the biggest one.
Altar of the Fatherland
Also known as “Vittoriano”, the Altar of the Fatherland is a majestic monument built in honor of King Vittorio Emanuele II, first king of Italy and Father of the Homeland. Located in piazza Venezia, on the Campidoglio, the Vittoriano was realized on the project of Architect Giuseppe Sacconi, who was inspired by classic Greek and Latin examples. Inside you can visit the so-called Shrine of the Flags, where many War flags and war objects are collected.
Baths of Caracalla
Considered still in the Roman age as one of the seven wonder of Rome, the Caracalla Thermae represents one of the biggest and better preserved ancient thermal complexes. The bath were designed and started under Settimio Severo Emperor but they were finished in 216 AC by his son Marco Aurelio Antonino Bassiano, known as Caracalla. The beauty of this place is in its integrity: today we can see them as the ancient Romans did.
Built by the Hadrian Emperor between 118 and 125 A.C. on the ruins of a previous temple, the Pantheon was conceived as the temple of all Goods. It’s the Roman monument with most records: it’s the best preserved; its dome in stone is the most ancient one in all history of architecture; it’s the most reproduced ancient monument. You can admire its perfection and the typical classic symmetries. The Pantheon collects the remains of many Kings of Italy and of the greatest artist of the Renaissance, Raffaello Sanzio.
St. Peters Basilica
Universal symbol of Christianity and destination of millions of religious people every year, the Basilica was erected around 320 by the Constantine Emperor where, according to the tradition, the Apostle Peter was buried. During the centuries and under different Popes, many artists such as Bramante, Giuliano da San Gallo, Raffaello, Michelangelo, Giacomo Della Porta, Domenico Fontana, Carlo Maderno e Gian Lorenzo Bernini, took part to its realization. The Basilica collects a large number of masterpieces among them Michelangelo’s the Pietà.
Worldwide famous for its extraordinary beauty, the Trevi Fountain represents one of the most visited attraction of the city. Inaugurated in 1735, it is characterized by: a big arch with Clemente XII crest; the statue of Ocean pulled by sea horses on a carriage as shell. At the side, the statues of Healthiness and Abundance. There are different tales linked to this monument but the most famous one is that of the “coin throw”. According to this tale, if you throw a coin in the fountain, with blind eyes, your back to the fountain and with the right hand on the left shoulder, you will come back to Rome.
Piazza di Spagna
At the end of Via Condotti, Piazza di Spagna is one of the most famous square of Rome. The elegant square, so called because of the Spain Palace, location of the Spain Embassy at the Holy See, is dominated by the monumental staircase of Trinità dei Monti. Characterized by a fine atmosphere of the 1700, the square has at its center the Fontana della Barcaccia (Fountain of the Old Boat) by Pietro Bernini and its son, the well-known Gian Lorenzo Bernini.
Considered one of the most beautiful and elegant square in town, Piazza Navona was built thanks to Pope Innocenzo X on the location of the old Stadium of Domitian. Symbol of the Baroque Rome, the square is rich in masterpieces: the Fountain of the Four River by Gian Lorenzo Bernini, the Fountain of Neptune and the Moro Fountain by Giacomo della Porta; the church of St. Agnese; the Braschi Palace, where the Museum of Rome has its location. Moreover, the square is a meeting point both for Romans and tourists who usually meet in the Café of the square.
The Vatican Museums were opened thanks to the Popes’ love for art and it’s one of the most important museum complex of the world. Inside, you can admire a fantastic collection of sculptures, paintings and other masterpieces. The museums include The Sistine Chapel, Beato Angelico Chapel, Raphael Rooms and the Borgia apartment. Particularly interesting is the Picture Gallery, where paintings of Giotto, Beato Angelico, Caravaggio, Pinturicchio, Raphael, Leonardo da Vinci, Tiziano and Guido Reni are preserved.